Skip to content


Kajian Aspek Sosial Budaya Masyarakat Terhadap Iptek Nuklir – Keppi Sukesi, Sugiyanto, Sumardi HS, Iwan Nurhadi, Dina Novia P, Setyo Yuli H, Henny Rosalinda

Kajian Aspek Sosial Budaya Masyarakat  Terhadap Iptek Nuklir

Keppi Sukesi, Sugiyanto, Sumardi HS, Iwan Nurhadi, Dina Novia,

Setyo Yuli Handono, dan Henny Rosalinda

Fakultas Pertanian  Universitas Brawijaya, Malang

Abstrak

Diterima tanggal 20 Agustus 2007, disetujui tanggal 10 Desember 2007

Penelitian ini bertujuan : 1) Mengkaji tingkat pengetahuan dan pemahaman masyarakat

terhadap IPTEK nuklir; 2) Mengkaji sikap dan perilaku  masyarakat terhadap IPTEK nuklir untuk kebutuhan energi dan non energi, 3) Menganalisis aspek sosiokultural yang berpengaruh terhadap pengetahuan dan sikap masyarakat terhadap IPTEK nuklir. Lokasi ditentukan secara purposif yaitu propinsi Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Timur dan Sumatra Utara. Dari tiga propinsi masing-masing diambil satu kabupaten, dua kecamatan per kabupaten dan dua desa per kecamatan. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah survey, studi kasus, dan focus group discussion. Berdasarkan hasil kajian disimpulkan bahwa : pemahaman masyarakat terhadap Iptek nuklir di Propinsi Jawa Timur, Kalimantan Timur, dan Sumatera Utara masih rendah. Iptek nuklir untuk energi dan non energi belum dipahami masyarakat sebagai hasil rekayasa Iptek nuklir karena kurangnya sosialisasi kepada masyarakat.  Aspek sosial budaya masyarakat di tiga propinsi menunjukkan adanya pola pikir masyarakat didominasi oleh rasa takut menanggung resiko yang mengalahkan budaya inovatif mereka. Budaya sikap dibentuk oleh trauma yang menimbulkan sikap takut dan curiga. Kondisi dan situasi saat ini menjadikan masyarakat di tiga propinsi bersikap kritis, menolak, dan memilih sumber energi lain yang dianggap kecil resikonya. Budaya perilaku masyarakat masih didominasi budaya imitasi atau peniruan. Oleh karena itu demoplot, percontohan, ujicoba partisipatif Iptek nuklir akan lebih cepat membangun perilaku masyarakat. Adapun rekomendasi yang diajukan adalah perlu digelarnya Forum Diskusi Terbuka (FDT) secara periodik; memanfaatkan sosialisasi sebagai wahana untuk membuat masyarakat  memahami Iptek Nuklir; perlu kegiatan studi banding, mengkaji kurikulum pendidikan formal, dan perlu adanya pilot project Iptek Nuklir.

Kata kunci : Sosial budaya, Iptek nuklir.

The Study Sociocultural Aspect of Society of Nuclear Sains and Technology

Abstract

The study sociocultural aspect of society of nuclear sains and technology. The aim of this

research are : 1) Studying knowledge level and understanding of society to nuclear technology  2) Studying attitude and behaviour of society to nuclear technology for the  equirement of energy and non energy purposes 3) Analyzing sosioculture aspect  having an effect on to society attitude and knowledge to nuclear technology. Location determined by purposive sampling that is East Java province, East Kalimantan and North Sumatra. From each provinces is taken one sub-province, two district per sub-province and two countryside per district. Research used survey method, case study, and focus group discussion. Pursuant to result of study concluded that : understanding of society to nuclear technology in Province of East Java, East Kalimantan, and North Sumatra still lower. Nuclear technology for energy and non energy purposes not yet been understand by society as result of  engineering of technology nuclear because lack of socialization to society. Social aspect of society culture in three provinces show the existence of society cognitive patterned predominated by having cold feet to account risk defeating their inovation culture. The Attitude culture formed by trauma lead to generating attitude fear and distrust. This condition and situation in time make society in three province behave critically, refusing, and chosening the other source of energy which assumed is small of its risk. Behavioral culture of society still predominated by artificial culture or imitation. Therefore demonstration plot, sample, partisipative examination of nuclear technology will be more quickly develop society behavior. As for recommendation the raised is require to perform technology will be more quickly develop society behavior. As for recommendation the raised is require to perform of periodical Open Forum Discussion; exploiting socialization as means to make comprehend

understanding of society in nuclear technology; need activity of study compare, studying formal education exspecially in curriculum aspect, and need the existence of pilot project nuclear technology

Key words : Socio cultural, Nuclear science and technology.

Download :

Jurnal Ilmu Sosial VOLUME 20 NO. 1 PEBRUARI 2008

Posted in Jurnal.

Tagged with , , , .